The Bengali people make up the bulk of the population of Bengal, which is located in the northeastern part of South Asia and roughly corresponds to the countries of Bangladesh and the state of West Bengal in India. They refer to the Bengali language as Bangla, which is part of the Indo-Aryan language family and is part of the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family. The Bengali people speak a variety of dialects of Bangla.
The Bengali people are of varied ancestry since they developed as a result of the convergence of a number of groups that moved into the area over the period of a number of centuries. It is thought that the Vedda people originally hailing from Sri Lanka were the first people to settle in this area. In later times, individuals from the Mediterranean region who spoke Indo-European languages began to contribute to the Vedda. People of Arab, Turkish, and Persian heritage first started to settle in the region during the 8th century. Eventually, all of these communities melded together to become what are today referred to as Bengali people.
While the majority of Bengalis in Bangladesh adhere to Sunni Islam, the majority of Bengalis in West Bengal adhere to Hinduism as their religious affiliation of choice. This religious divide may be traced back to the 13th century when Muslim armies came in from the northwest and attacked the country. During that historical period, the population of Bengal consisted of a conglomeration of Buddhists and Hindus. As a result of the migration of Muslims into eastern Bengal, the majority of the population of that area eventually converted to Islam, whilst in the western part of the country, Hinduism became the main religion.
At the turn of the 21st century, the majority of Bengalis still lived in rural areas, and this was true not just in Bangladesh but also in West Bengal. Rice and jute are the most important crops grown in rural Bengal, followed by a variety of pulses (legumes) and oilseeds. A significant section of the rural Bengali population is employed in agriculture. In a rural setting, it is common for males to be in charge of the majority of the labor that takes place outside the house, while women take care of concerns related to the home. However, the division of labor is less distinct in urban regions, and a significant number of middle-class and upper-class women in metropolitan areas seek jobs in fields such as medicine and teaching.
The people of Bengal participate in a diverse range of creative endeavours, regardless of whether they identify as Hindu or Muslim. Both Hindus and Muslims are part of the heritage of performing Hindustani classical music and dance, while simultaneously displaying a strong preference for nonclassical popular forms of music and dance. The Bengali people of Bangladesh, for example, were responsible for the development of a large number of distinctive styles of popular music, such as baul and Sarfati, which have never been replicated successfully in any other nation. During this time period, Bengalis living in West Bengal created a number of films that went on to get widespread critical recognition; the majority of these films have substantial musical elements.
The historical predominance of Islamic arts may be seen, notably in Bangladesh, in the many mosques, mausoleums, forts, and gateways that have remained from the Mughal period. These structures were built over the course of several centuries (16th–18th century). These constructions, along with other examples of Muslim architecture found across South Asia, are distinguished by the presence of a pointed arch, a dome, and a minaret. The 77-dome mosque in Bagerhat, which is located in southern Bangladesh, is the one that has been conserved the finest. Near addition, the remains of Lalbagh Fort, an unfinished Mughal palace from the 17th century that is located in Dhaka, provide some insight into the earlier Islamic architectural traditions that were practiced in Bengal. You can find Bangla subtitle.